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Home » Your Eye Health » Eye Conditions » Ocular Hypertension

Ocular Hypertension

Ocular hypertension means the pressure in your eye, or your intraocular pressure (IOP), is higher than normal levels. Elevated IOP is also associated with glaucoma, which is a more serious condition that causes vision loss and optic nerve damage. By itself, however, ocular hypertension doesn't damage your vision or eyes.

Studies suggest that 2% to 3% of the general population may have ocular hypertension.

Signs and symptoms of ocular hypertension

You can't tell by yourself that you have ocular hypertension, because there are no outward signs or symptoms such as pain or redness. At each eye exam, your eyecare practitioner will measure your IOP and compare it to normal levels.

During routine eye exams, a tonometer is used to measure your IOP. Your eye typically is numbed with eye drops, and a small probe gently rests against your eye's surface. Other tonometers direct a puff of air onto your eye's surface to indirectly measure IOP.

What causes ocular hypertension?

Anyone can develop ocular hypertension, but it's most common in African-Americans, people over 40, those with family history of ocular hypertension or glaucoma, and those with diabetes or high amounts of nearsightedness.

IOP may become elevated due to excessive aqueous fluid production or inadequate drainage. Certain medications, such as steroids, and trauma can cause higher-than-normal IOP measurements as well.

Ocular hypertension treatment

People with ocular hypertension are at increased risk for developing glaucoma, so some eye doctors prescribe medicated eye drops to lower IOP in cases of ocular hypertension. Because these medications can be expensive and may have side effects, other eye doctors choose to monitor your IOP and only take action if you show signs of developing glaucoma. Because of the increased risk for glaucoma, you should have your IOP measured at the intervals your doctor recommends if you have ocular hypertension.

 

COVID-19 Update

Your health and well-being is our top priority at Focusing on Eye Care. In following recommendations provided by the CDC, we have implemented protocols at our office in order to continue to protect the health of our patients and our team.

Every patient and staff member will be screened for COVID-19 risk factors and have their temperature checked. This applies to all patients and their accompanying guests. Should you or a guest have a temperature indicating a fever or have other risk factors for COVID-19 you will be asked to reschedule your appointment for a later date until you are well or clear of any potential illness for a minimum of 14 days.

As we continue to practice social distancing, we ask that patients please come to their appointment unaccompanied. If you are requiring a guest to accompany you, we are limiting the number of guests in our facilities to 1 per patient, and we ask that you only bring a guest with you if it is absolutely necessary.

In addition, we are asking all employees, patients and their guests to wear face coverings while in our facilities at all times.

Thank you for all your cooperation as we continue to help you with your eye care needs and for helping us reduce the spread of COVID-19.

Stay Well,

Focusing on Eye Care